初二英語題

1.isn't get
2.What price of
3.lasts about ten days
4.low down their prices
5.應該有點提示吧,要不填什麼呀?
6.enough

1.B(考察完成時態的用法和其基本結構)
2.B(本句的意思是:這些雜誌我可以看一本嗎?SOMEONE是一個不定代詞,代指一本書)
3.D(在保護環境方面我們需要做得更好.PROTEC+ING是PROTECT的動名詞形式,可做名詞用)
4.D(三天後我們校長將乘飛機去上海.本題考察IN在將來時態中的用法,WILL說明了本句是將來時態,IN+一個時間段表明是將來的一個時間段,用於將來時態)

1.my parents love me and always buy me lots of gifts___ for my birthday .
2.i often feel lonely___ because i have few good new friends .
3.what's the matter___ with you ?
i have got a bad toothache .
4.when the old man heard the bad news about his son , his heart broke___
5.she entered___ the room quietly , but found nobody inside .
6.don't touch___ the machine . it's dangerous .
7.the teacher likes being with the children because she feels lonelier___ with the children .
8.would you like to pass___ the book to me ?
sure . here you are .
9.believe___ yourself and try hard , you'll be successful one day .
10.will you come to my birthday party ?
i'm afraid___ not . i am busy preparing for my exam .

>> almost, nearly都是副詞,意為“幾乎,差不多”
>> almost一般不帶語氣,表示“這事情已經這樣了。”
nearly一般帶點語氣,表示“這事情居然都已經這樣了!”
>> 另外almost多表示時間、程度、距離、進度,且almost可以修飾more than, too, nothing, nobody, nowhere, no one, none, never等詞,nearly則不行。
>> not nearly 表示“一點也不,決不”,而not almost則是“還沒有那麼多”。
作為習語用作介詞時,as well as的涵義是“還有”、“不但…而且…”。值得注意的是,在A as well as B的結構裡,語意的重點在 A,不在 B.因此,“He can speak Spanish as well as English.”的譯文應該是:“他不但會說英語,而且會講西班牙語”,決不能譯作:“他不但會說西班牙語,而且會講英語”。如果這樣翻譯,就是本末倒置了。as well as和 not only… but also…同義,但前者的語意重點和後者的語意重點恰好顛倒。
如果 as well as用作連詞引出比較從句,其義為“和…一樣好”。因此,“He speaks Spanish as well as English.”應譯作:“他說西班牙語像說英語一樣好”。語意的重點依舊在前部,不在後半部。
請注意 as well as以下的用法:
She called on you as well as I.
不但我來看你,她也拜訪了你。
She called on you as well as me.
她不但拜訪了我,也拜訪了你。
在下列句中,as well as表示“像…一樣”的涵義:
She as well as you is an English teacher.
她像你一樣也是英文教師。
這裡的謂語動詞用is,不用are,因為句中的主語是she,不是she和you.
As well是副詞短語,其義為“也”,相當於too,它一般放在句末,有時和連詞and或but搭配使用。例:
He is a worker,and a poet as well.
他是工人,但也是詩人。
China possesses enormous quantities of coal and is rich in other minerals as well.
中國擁有大量煤炭,其他的礦藏也很豐富。
Mr.Liu can speak English,but he can speak Cantonese as well.
劉先生會說英語,但他也能講廣東話。
rather than 用法小結
rather than 是一個並列連詞,用法比較複雜,現歸納如下:
1. rather than 與would 連用時,構成“would rather...than...”句式,意思是“寧願……而不願……”,表示主觀願望,即在兩者之中選擇其一。例如:
She'd rather die than lose the children. 她寧願死也不願失去孩子們。
2. rather than 不與would連用時,表示客觀事實,意為“是……而不是……;與其……不如……”。它連線的並列成分可以是名詞、代詞、形容詞、介詞(短語)、動名詞、分句、不定式、動詞等。現分述如下:
(1) 連線兩個名詞或代詞
He is an explorer rather than a sailor. 與其說他是一個海員,不如說他是一個探險者。
You rather than I are going to go camping. 是你而不是我要去要野營。
注意:rather than 連線兩個名詞或代詞作主語時,謂語動詞應與rather than 前面的名詞或代詞在人稱和數上保持一致。
(2) 連線兩個形容詞
The sweater she bought was beautiful rather than cheap. 與其說她買的這件羊毛衫便宜不如說它漂亮。
(3) 連線兩個介詞(短語)或動名詞
We will have the meeting in the classroom rather than in the great hall. 我們是在教室裡開會,不是在大廳裡。
She enjoys singing rather than dancing. 她喜歡唱歌,而不喜歡跳舞。
(4) 連線兩個分句
We should help him rather than he should help us. 是我們應該幫助他而不是他應該幫助我們。
(5) 連線兩個不定式
I decided to write rather than (to) telephone. 我決定寫信而不打電話。
注意:rather than 後接不定式時,不定式可以帶to,也可以不帶to, 如上句。但rather than位於句首時,則只能接不帶to 的不定式。如:Rather than allow the vegetables to go bad, he sold them at half price. 他唯恐蔬菜爛掉,把它們以半價賣掉了。
(6) 連線兩個動詞
He ran rather than walked. 他是跑來的,而不是走來的。
注意:這裡rather than 後用了walked,而沒有用walk,表示客觀事實,而不是主觀願望。如果換成walk,則作“寧願……而不願 ……”解。
would rather的用法
一、would rather意思是“寧願、寧可、更、最好、還是為好”,後接動詞原形,常省略為’d rather,表示優先選擇的一種方式
其否定形式是would rather not do sth。would rather沒有人稱和數的變化,所有的人稱一律用would rather。
“would rather+動詞原形”是英語中常見的一個慣用句式,美國英語中多用had rather。would (had)在此決無“過去”之意,它是一個情態助動詞,且無詞性、時態變化。
例 Mr Li would rather not listen to rock music. 李先生不願意聽搖滾音樂。
If you’d rather be alone, we’ll all leave here. 如果你寧願獨自呆著,那我們都離開這兒。
He’d rather work in the countryside. 她寧可到農村去工作。
You would rather stay at home and do some reading this evening. 今晚你最好呆在家中讀點書。
二、如果在兩者中進行取捨,表示“寧願……而不願……,與其……寧可……”的意思時,則可用would rather…than…或would…rather than…的句型
例 I would rather watch TV at home than go to the cinema. 我寧可在家看電視而不願去看電影。
The children would walk there rather than take a bus. 孩子們寧願步行去那裡而不願乘公共汽車。
請注意 1) would rather…than…/would…rather than…也可以顛倒為:rather than…would…。Would(rather)和than後都接不帶to的動詞不定式,若選用的動詞相同,那麼than 後的動詞可以省略。
例 I would rather have noodles than rice. 我寧願吃麵條也不吃米飯。
He would rather drink wine than beer. 他喜歡喝紅葡萄酒而不喜歡喝啤酒。
Rather than work in such bad condition, he would give up. 與其在這樣差的條件下工作,他寧願放棄。
2)使用would rather…than…句型時要注意“平行結構”,即在than 的前後要用兩個同類的詞或片語,如兩個名詞、兩個不定式、兩個介詞短語等。
例 I would rather go to work by bike than by bus. 我寧願騎腳踏車也不願乘公共汽車去上班。
I would rather talk with his mother than with his father. 我寧願和他媽說話而不願和他爸說話。
三、在疑問句式中,would rather 與would rather…than…中的would要放在主語之前
例 Would you rather stay here or go home? 你願意呆在這裡,還是回家?
Which would you rather have, apples or bananas? 你喜歡吃蘋果還是香蕉?
Would you rather read a novel than read a poem?你寧願看小說而不願朗讀詩歌嗎?
四、would rather+從句,是一個常用的虛擬語氣句型 Would rather+從句,謂語一般用過去時來表示現在或將來。其意為“寧願……,還是…… 好些”“一個人寧願另一個人做某事”。引導從句的that常省略。在談到過去的動作時,謂語則用過去完成時。
例 John wants to see me today. I would rather he came to tomorrow than today. 約翰今天想去看我。我寧願他明天來看我而不是今天。(句中came不是表示過去而是表示將來)
We’d rather he paid us the money tomorrow. 我們寧願他明天付給我們那筆錢。
Don’t come tomorrow. I’d rather you came next weekend. 明天別來。我希望你下週末來。
請注意 1) 如果談到過去的動作,也就是表示過去已經發生的事情在選擇上不恰當。此時,主句一般為I had rather ,其(that)從句則用過去完成時。 例 Would rather you had not done that. 我真希望你沒有做那件事。
2)如果只涉及主語本人而不涉及另一個人,則would rather之後不接that從句而接have done結構。
例 I would rather have gone to the theatre than stayed home night. 我真希望昨天晚上去看了戲而不是呆在家裡。 He would rather be poor than have got money by dishonest methods. 他寧可窮也不願意用不誠實的手段獲取金錢。
Henry would rather that his girlfriend worked in the same department as he does.亨利希望他的女朋友和他在一個部門工作。
五、would rather/sooner和prefer/would prefer的區別 would rather和would sooner之間一般沒有區別,但經常接觸到的是would rather。
例Tom would rather/sooner read than talk. 湯姆寧可讀書而不願談天。 Tom prefers reading to talking.湯姆喜歡讀書而不喜歡談天。
請注意 1)would rather後跟不帶to的不定式+than+不帶 to的不定式,而prefer後跟動名詞+to+動名詞。有時prefer後面也可跟名詞,而在would rather之後要求只帶動詞原形。
例 He prefers wine to beer.= He would rather drink wine than beer. 他喜歡喝紅葡萄酒而不喜歡喝啤酒。
I prefer tennis to golf.= I’d rather play tennis than golf. 我喜歡打網球而不喜歡打高爾夫球。 2)某些 prefer+名詞的情況不能用 would rather完全確切地表達出來:He prefers dogs to cats.(他喜歡狗而不喜歡貓。)和 He would rather have dogs than cats.(他寧可養狗而不願養貓。)很明顯,這兩句的意思並不完全相同。
3) would rather+不帶to的不定式有時可代替 would prefer+帶 to的不定式。
例 I’d rather fly than go by sea.=I’d prefer to fly. 我寧願乘飛機也不願乘船。
這兩個結構後面帶名詞時情況也一樣:
例 —Would you like some gin?
—I’d prefer a coffee.=I’d rather have coffee than gin.
—您想喝點杜松子酒嗎?
—我想喝點咖啡。/我想喝點咖啡,不想喝杜松子酒。
4)would rather/sooner和would prefer後面都可跟完成式,但後者帶to。
例 We went by sea but I’d rather have gone by air=I’d prefer to have gone by air. 我們是乘船去的,可我本想乘飛機去。(我願意乘飛機去,可我的願望未能實現。)這和 would like+不定式的完成式有點相似,would like+帶to 的不定式的完成式也表示未能實現的願望。
rather than就是比起什麼更什麼,一般都是更喜歡什麼
instead of,就是以什麼什麼代替什麼什麼,不過一般也是除了什麼以外。
一.instead意為“代替”“替代”,作副詞用,通常位於句尾。如位於句首時常用逗號與後面閣開。instead 在順接句子中作“代替”講,而在轉折(或逆轉)句子中作“然而”講。
例如:1.Lily isn't here. Ask Lucy instead.
Lily不在這兒,去問Lucy吧. [注意]當instead在祈使句中時,只能位於句末。
2.she didn't answer me, instead, she asked me another question.
她沒有回答我,反而問了我另外一個問題。
二.instead of是介賓短語,其意與instead相同,不同之處在於它後面常接賓語,起賓語多由名詞、代詞、介詞、短語、動詞 + ing 形式充當。
例如:1.We'll ask Li Mei instead of Mary.
我們將去問李梅而不問瑪麗。
2.I'll go instead of her.
我會替她去。
三.instead 與instead of的轉換。
例如: 1.He didn't answer me, instead, he asked me another
question → He asked me another question instead of answering me.
2.I'll of instead of her.→She won't go.I'll go instead

樓上的,盡最大努力我們老師講的是Try one's best 不是DID
He tried his best and won the match\game in the end.
Be careful by the river,or you'll fall into the river.
He is too frightened too say any words.\He is so frightened that he can't say any words.
The movie will be on two hours.

are the differences between his
How is your eating habit?

解答:lonely是‘孤獨的,寂寞的’,如: I feel lonely. 英語中,表示‘獨自的’意思有以下幾種語法:on one's own=by oneself=alone. 根據本題情況,選B項少了by.意思是:我不能獨自完成這項工作(或者這個問題),你介意過來幫我一下嗎?(言外之意是,你能過來幫我一下嗎?)
因此,本句話可以歸納如下幾種說法:
1、 I can't do it alone.Would you mind coming to help me ?
2、 I can't do it by myself.Would you mind coming to help me ?
3、 I can't do it on my own.Would you mind coming to help me?

初二英語題(二)

1. is (客觀事實) 2.not 3.did 4. had 5. had 6.were 7. were 8. had 9. been 10. would
11. ridden 12. heard 13.had 14. was 15. be 16. has 17. by 18. was 19. being 20. taken.

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本文內容整理自網路, 文中所有觀點看法不代表問咩的立場